The Majesty and Mystery of Peru – Part Two – Cusco.
Elderhostel Tour May 2004.
The place name Peru is derived from Birú, the name of a local ruler who lived near the Bay of San Miguel, Panama, in the early 16th century. When his territories were visited by conquistadores in 1522, the area was the southernmost part of the New World yet known to Europeans. Thus, when Francisco Pizarro explored the regions farther south, his men referred to the region as ” Biru’ ” however, over time through vernacular usage the place name became “Peru”.
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